Early Detection

In most cases the earlier a cancer is diagnosed and treated the better the outcome. Some cancers, such as breast, cervix and bowel, have screening programs to find cancer early but for other cancers you need to be aware of what is normal for you and see your doctor if you notice any unusual changes.

See your doctor if you notice unusual changes like: 

  • lumps, sores or ulcers that don't heal.
  • unusual breast changes: lumps, lumpiness, a thickened area, unusual nipple discharge, any changes in the shape or colour of your breasts, a nipple that turns inwards (if it hasn't always been that way) or any unusual pain.
  • coughs or hoarseness that won't go away.
  • changes in toilet habits that last more than two weeks, blood in a bowel motion.
  • new moles or skin spots, or ones that have changed shape, size or colour, or that bleed.
  • unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding.
  • unexplained weight loss.
  • persistent indigestion or difficulty swallowing.

These signs don't necessarily mean you have cancer, but it's important to have them checked out. For more information, see Cancer Council Australia’s early detection fact sheets, or call Cancer Council 13 11 20.

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Cancer Council ACT



(02) 6257 5055



Unit 1 (The Annex)
173 Strickland Crescent
Deakin ACT 2600